What are NFA Firearms? Current law, under the Gun Control Act of 1968, regulates firearms under two different titles. Title 1 Firearms, are the firearms you can go into a gun store, purchase and walk out with. (After completing a Form 4473 and passing a background check.) These are the majority of firearms in circulation (rifles, shotguns, handguns). Title II is a revision of the National Firearms Act of 1934. These firearms are commonly referred to as “Class 3 firearms.” The correct designation is Title II or NFA firearms. Title II weapons are divided into the following groups:
- Machine Guns – Any weapon which shoots, is designed to shoot, or can be readily restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.
Short-Barreled Rifles (SBRs) - A rifle having one or more barrels less than sixteen inches (16”) in length and any weapon made from a rifle (whether by alteration, modification, or otherwise) if such weapon, as modified, has an overall length of less than twenty-six inches (26”).
Short-Barreled Shotguns (SBS) - Having one or more barrels less than eighteen (18”) inches in length and any weapon made from a shotgun (whether by alteration, modification, or otherwise) if such weapon as modified has an overall length of less than twenty-six inches (26”).
Suppressors - For silencing, muffling, or diminishing the report of a portable firearm; Including any combination of parts, designed or redesigned, and intended for the use in assembling or fabricating a firearm silencer or firearm muffler; And any part intended only for use in such assembly or fabrication.
Destructive Devices -
- Any explosive, incendiary, or poison gas bomb, grenade, rocket having a propellant charge of more than four ounces, a missile having an explosive or incendiary charge of more than one-quarter ounce, a mine, or similar device.
- Any type of weapon which will expel a projectile by the action of an explosive or other propellant, the barrel or barrels of which have a bore of more than one-half inch in diameter, except a shotgun or shotgun shell which the Attorney General finds is generally recognized as particularly suitable for sporting purposes. (Street Sweeper, Stryker 12 and USAS 12 determined to be DDs in 1990s).
- Any combination of parts either designed or intended for use in converting any device into a destructive device and from which a destructive device may be readily assembled.
- Any weapon or device capable of being concealed on the person from which a shot can be discharged through the energy of an explosive, e.g. pen guns, cane guns, knife guns, belly busters.
- A wallet gun is a firearm concealed in a wallet and capable of being fired from within the wallet.
- A pistol or revolver having a barrel with a smooth bore designed or redesigned to fire a fixed shotgun shell, e.g. H&R Handy Gun.
- Weapons with combination shotgun and rifle barrels 12 inches or more, less than 18 inches in length, from which only a single discharge can be made from either barrel without manual reloading, and shall include any such weapon which may be readily restored to fire., e.g. Marble Game Getter with less than 18” barrel.
- Pistols with a second vertical hand grip have been classified by ATF as AOWs.
- It does not include a pistol or a revolver having a rifled bore, or rifled bores, or weapons designed, made, or intended to be fired from the shoulder and not capable of firing fixed ammunition.